Whether the "colossus of Rhodes" really stood above the port entrance is controversial but the colossus was one of the 7 wonders of the world. The 30 m high bronze statue of "Helios" the god of the sun was built in 292 bc. The "colossus of Rhodes" was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC. Today the Fort Agios Nikolaos stands at the harbour, together with two deer columns, the emblem of Rhodes.
The "Ethniko Theatro" National Theater was built by the Italy in 1937. Italy had liberated Rhodes in 1912 from the Ottomans. Mussolini ordered to built the Italian administrative center to the north of the old town, in a kind of neo-Venetian style. But the theater is a modern building.
The "Nea Agora" New Market was also built by the Italians. From the Mandraki port you can see the dome of the entrance. The market hall is more like a large courtyard with trees and a fountain in the middle. There are many restaurants and small shops in the courtyard, which make up the special atmosphere of the "Nea Agora".
The "Marine Gate" is the most beautiful city gate of the medieval fortification. It was built around 1478 by the Crusaders. The gate had a representative function more than it's militarily importance, as attacks from the water were unlikely at the time.
The "Platia Ippokratous" is the most important square in the center of Rhodes town. In the center of the square stands the "Castellania fountain" also called "Ippokratous Fountain" with an owl on the top. At the square there is also the Castellan Palace to the east with a large staircase and the Chadrevan Mosque to the west.
The "Aprodite Temple" was built in the 3C BC. The Doric temple of the love goddess is a ruin today with large stones at the northern entrance to the old town. In the Greek world of gods, Aphrodite was responsible for growing and developing as well as for beauty and love. Aphrodite corresponds to the Roman Venus.