The castle of Caserta was built for the Spanish King Charles III from 1752. Charles III. was at that time Carlo VII of the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily. His wife Maria Amalia of Saxony had great influence on the construction of the "Reggia di Caserta". The Monumental Glory was to surpass Versailles. Charles III. came from the Bourbons, Louis XIV was his great-grandfather. The architect Luigi Vanvitelli planned the castle as a rectangular building with four courtyards. The early Classicist facade is 252 meters long, the interiors are still late Baroque, with lots of gold and huge ceiling paintings. The 40 m high building devoured 8 million ducats and was completed in 1772. Charles III. became King of Spain in 1759 and moved to his hometown of Madrid, where he built, among other things, the famous Museum Prado. The castle in Caserta is one of Italy's biggest tourist attractions, attracting over 1.5 million visitors a year. The Baroque Parco Reale Reggia di Caserta with its numerous pools and the enchanting Giardino Inglese (English Garden) are just as worth seeing as the Royal Castle itself. The "Reggia di Caserta" and its gardens are UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Opening hours: daily 8: 30-19: 30 (closed on Tuesday) The English Garden closes at 5 pm, the castle park at 6 pm. Current information see website of the "Reggia di Caserta".
The Roman city of Pompeii was buried in 79 AD at an eruption of Vesuvius under a 6-meter-thick layer of ash. For many centuries the place remained unpopulated and only in the 11th century was a new village nearby. From 1748, the very well preserved city was re-excavated on the initiative of Maria Amalia Christina Queen of Naples. The excavation site of Pompeii is the best preserved city of antiquity. In Pompeii you can walk through the old streets and go to the houses.
Pompeii was around 700 ago. Founded by the Oskans at around 80 BC. Were subjugated by the Romans and then integrated into the Roman Empire. Pompeii is therefore not a Roman planned city but consists of 4 different settlement phases. At the time of the sinking, Pompeii had about 10,000 inhabitants. Since there were already signs of an eruption of the volcano, many residents were brought to safety.
In Pompeii, many large structures have been preserved. There are several theaters, many temples, an amphitheater, spas, brothels, the Forum, the Capitol and worth seeing houses, such as the "Mystery Villa" Villa dei Misteri.
"Pompei Scavi" is the most famous sight on the Gulf of Naples and UNESCO World Heritage.
From Naples: Take the S-Bahn "Circumvesuviana" from Garibaldi to Pompei-Scavi. Travel time approx. 45 min. Price per person and route about 2-3 €.
Admission: 11 €, combined ticket with Herkulaneum 20 € (as of 2018)
Opening hours: 8: 30-19: 30 (Nov-Mar only until 5pm)