The National Congress was built by Oscar Niemeyer in 1960. Under the dome, you will find the Senate under the bowl there is the parliament with the deputies. The office tower for the politician, stands in the middle.
The row of office buildings for the ministries "Esplanada dos Ministerios" were built as the first part of Brasilia in 1958. The box-shaped buildings stand with an angle of 90 °, on both sides of the "Eixo Monumental".
The way inside the "Catedral Metropolitana" by Oscar Niemeyer is very special. Fist you go down on a ramp into the dark, then you enter the Cathedral to be overwhelmed by the bright light of the colored glass dome. The Cathedral was inaugurated in 1970.
The "Palacio do Planalto" is the workplace of the President. This building was also designed by Oscar Niemeyer it was completed in 1960. It is the most elegant building on the square of the three powers "Praça dos Três Poderes".
The "Palacio Itamaraty" is home to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil. Oscar Niemeyer placed the building in a square water basin. The supports of the façade end directly in the water.
The Headquarters of the Brazilian Army "Quartel General do Exército" is another masterpiece of architect Oscar Niemeyer. The office complex was constructed with a curved entrance vault in 1968.
The national stadium "Mané Garrincha" was opened in 1974 and converted for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. It was named after Garrincha, the two-time World Cup hero of 1958 and 1961.
Welcome to Brasilia
Brasilia is like Washington D.C., New Delhi and Canberra, a city designed as capital. The center of Brasilia is therefore not a marketplace or a cathedral but the "Square of the Three Powers" with the National Congress. In the constitution of Brazil, the construction of a new capital was planned. President Kubitschek realized the idea and commissioned the city planner Lucio Costa to design the new capital Brasilia. Following the motto of Brazil "Ordem e Progresso" (order and progress), Costa designed a city like an airplane.
Lucio Costa designed Brasilia on the floorplan of an airplane. The "Eixo Monumental" with the ministries, the cathedral, and cultural institutions forms the body of the plane. The residential quarters are the wings and the "Square of the Three Powers" with the National Congress and the Presidential Palace is the cockpit. Where the wings meet the body, there are shopping malls, office buildings and hotels. At the end of the fuselage is the station of Brasilia, from which hardly any trains leave. It also used to be the bus station "Rodoviária de Brasília", but it was moved to the metro station "Shopping" (no joke!). Whoever travels to Brasilia comes by plane or bus. The best way to get there is by car, Brasilia is a car-fair city where there is no space for pedestrians. Brasilia is spacious and has wide roads with large green areas. The one-sided orientation of the traffic has been corrected in the meantime and since 2001 a subway runs under the wing and a tram is under construction.