The house where Mozart was born is one of the most famous sights in Salzburg. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in this house on Getreidegasse. On three floors the visitor learns everything there is to know about the most famous son of the city. How did Mozart live? When did he start making music? Who sponsored the talented musician? The exhibition answers all questions about the life of the genius.
Mozart was a musician and composer, his best-known work was the opera Die Zauberflöte (The magic flute). Although the wunderkind died almost penniless in Vienna in 1791, he is revered throughout Austria today. His likeness is drawn by the Austrian 1 euro coin. The Mozartkugel was invented in 1890 by master pastry chef Paul Fürst from Salzburg and named after the city's famous son.
Archbishop Gebhard built a residential tower with a church on the mountain plateau above the river Salzach in 1077. The fortress was completely built by the 13th century. Only minor extensions were added later. From the fortress you can see the city and the mountains in the south of Salzburg. From up here you will understand the strategic importance of the city. Salzburg lies exactly at the transition between the mountains and the flat Alpine foothills. The fortress "Hohensalzburg" is the top tourist attraction in town.
The medieval fortress is the landmark of Salzburg with over 1 million visitors a year. If you want to save yourself the arduous ascent to the fortress mountain, you can take the "Festungsbahn" fortress cable car to the castle area. The hours of operation vary according to the seasons. The regular ticket includes the ascent and descent as well as entry to the castle area. For more information see link below.
The "Old Market" is not the oldest market place in the city, it was built in the middle of the 13th century. Nevertheless, the Old Market is the center of Salzburg. On the square stands the fountain "Florianbrunnen" built in 1687. The coffee house Tomaselli, is famous as the oldest of it's kind in Austria.
On the "Mozart Square" stands a sculpture of the famous composer since 1842 by Ludwig Schwanthaler . A Roman mosaic was discovered during the construction of the Mozart monument. At Mozartplatz stands the palace of the Lords of Rehlingen, where the family of Antretter lived, which promoted Mozart.
The town hall of Salzburg was originally a bourgeois house of the Kreuzl family. The building was built on a former defense tower, which was later extended to the tower Rathausturm. The city bought the building in 1407 and put an octagonal bell tower on the top. In 1775 the rococo façade was built. In 1947 the city administration withdrew and shops were opened in the ground floor. In 2012 a passage was cut through the building to the river Salzach.
The "Getreidegasse" is the largest shopping street in Salzburg. The pretty street is marked by the signs of the shops. Even stores of international companies, have made signs in a historic look, to meet the character of the street.
The university church "Universitätskirche" is also known as the "Kollegienkirche". The baroque church was completed in 1707. The famous Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach was the architect, the master builder from Graz also designed the Trinity Church in Salzburg and the Karlskirche in Vienna. The interior of the church is rather plain for a Baroque building, the ceilings and walls are painted white. As a result, the church is not as ostentatious as many other churches of the time.
Archbishop von Raitenau built the palace in 1606 for his beloved Salome, who lived here until the arrest of the Archbishop. Archbishop Markus Sittikus of Hohenems gave the castle the name "Mirabell". Until 1727 the baroque castle with the beautiful "Mirabellgarden" was built.
Tourist information Salzburg
For many tourists and locals, Salzburg is considered the most beautiful city in Austria. Salzburg is relatively small and consists almost entirely of the historic old town. The city is known for the "Salzburg Festival" and the city's most famous son Dietrich Mateschitz, inventor of "Red Bull". No, Mateschitz was not born in Salzburg which is why the composer "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" will probably always be the most famous son of the city. Dietrich Mateschitz is the richest man in Austria, he runs Hangar 7 at Salzburg Airport, a museum for planes and fast cars.
The many tourists come to Salzburg because of Mozart, the Salzburg castle and the beautiful old town.