The former minting house was built in 1786, this is the origin of the name "La Moneda". Later it was used as a government palace (Palacio de Gobierno). The "Palacio de La Moneda" became famous as Augusto Pinochet attacked the building in 1973 and became the dictator of Chile. President Salvador Allende committed suicide in the "Hall of Independence", shortly before the attack.
In the vicinity of the Cathedral stands the beautiful building of the main post office. The Edificio del Correo Central was built in 1881 on the site of the former President's Palace. Architect Ricardo Brown built an office building in the French style which was extended in 1908 by Eduardo Ferham. Since 1976 it is on the list of National Monuments.
The construction of the Cathedral of Santiago startet in 1748 after the previous building was destroyed by an earthquake. The neoclassical church was completed in 1800. The "Catedral Metropolitana" is the seat of the Archbishop of Santiago de Chile. The interior is quite dark, due to small windows only little light is falling into the lush decorated nave. Inside the Cathedral you will find the relics of Santa Teresa de los Andes and the remarkable main altar, which was built in Munich.
The Paseo Ahumada is one of two pedestrian streets leading from the Plaza de Armas to the south. The other is the Paseo Estado. Both intersect with the shopping street Paseo Huérfanos, running in east-west direction. This intersection is the center of Santiago de Chile.
The Edificio Ariztia was built in 1921 as the first skyscraper in Santiago and was also the first building in the capital with an elevator. Architect Alberto Cruz Montt planned the reinforced concrete building on a triangular site, just like the Fuller Building in New York.
The Mercado Central opened in 1872. The Fermin Vivaceta Building is one of the main attractions in the center of Santiago de Chile. In the market hall are now mostly restaurants and small shops. Under the light-flooded cast iron construction, you can enjoy great food and famous local dishes.
The Palace of Justice of Santiago de Chile was built between 1905 and 1930. The building complex occupies the whole block. The Palacio de los Tribunales de Justicia de Santiago houses all important courts of the city and the country, including the military court. The neoclassical portal has Doric columns on the ground floor and ionic columns on the upper floor.
The Cerro Santa Lucia is the nucleus of the Chilean capital. When Petro de Valdivia conquered the area for Spain in 1540, Santiago was founded on this hill. Later, the hill in the center served as a fortress. Today there is a beautiful park with pavilions and small buildings. Where the Calle Huérfanos meets the 69-meter-high hill, there is a lift up to the Castillo Hidalgo.
The Cerro San Cristobal is a 880 m high mountain, it's peak rises 300 m above the city. At the summit is a 22 m high statue of the Virgin Mary. If you want to enjoy the fantastic view on Santiago de Chile, you can take the Funicular or the cable car "Teleférico" to the top. On the Cerro San Cristobal is the zoo and a Japanese Garden.