The Empire State Building was completed in 1931, since then it is an american icon. The prototype of the skyscraper was until 1972 the tallest building in the world. The Art Deco tower measures 381 m, with an antenna even reached the building at an altitude of 443 m. The architects Schreve, Lamb and Harmon changed last minute plans the spire to the Chrysler Building to surpass, which had just acquired the altitude record with a sensational metal tip.
The Rockefeller Center is a building complex which extends over several city blocks and consists of 21 high-rise buildings. The tallest building is the General Electric Building with 259 m. From the observation deck you have the best view of Manhattan. Architect Raymond Hood was the chief designer of the Art Deco complex, wich was built between 1931-1940. The Rockefeller Center was financed by John D. Rockefeller Jr., the son of the founder of Standard Oil.
5th Avenue is one of the most expensive shopping streets in the world. Here one can find the brands and flagship stores, that can afford the high rents on this street. "Breakfast at Tiffanys" with Audrey Hepburn was filmed on "5th Avenue".
After the predecessor was destroyed by a fire, the construction of the neo-gothic St. Patrick's Cathedral began in 1858. The Catholic church was inaugurated in 1868. The cathedral is the seat of the archbishop of New York City. Because of the skyscrapers churches in Manhattan don't stand out by their height. St. Patrick's is lucky to be on 5th Avenue and thereby gets it's well deserved attention as a place of rest in this hectic city.
The Chrysler Building was built by William Van Alen in the 1930 art deco style. The slender skyscraper with the stainless steel tip is 318.9 meters high and was for a short time the tallest building in the world, until it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931. The spire is illuminated at night like a crown and has become a symbol of New York. The building was only financed by Chrysler, but never used as Company Headquarter.
The Fuller Building is because of its triangular shape, also called Flatiron Building. Daniel H. Burnham designed the building in 1903. The building is planned as a steel skeleton structure with a curtain wall facade made of ceramic elements, in order to increase the usable floorspace on the narrow site.
Only a few italians still live in "Little Italy" but at the Festa di San Gennaro on September 19, the neighborhood transforms into an italian town. As the neighboring Chinatown continues to grow, Little Italy will probably be take over one day.
With a hight of 241 m, the Woolworth Building 0f 1913 was the highest building in the world. 1930 the record was taken by the Bank of Manhattan Building with a hight of 283 m. Cass Gilbert designed the tower as a reminiscent of a Gothic cathedral. He also planned the Life Insurance Building in New York. Woolworth had become rich with cheap department stores and used the building as headquarter.
The New York Stockexchange NYSE is the largest stockexchange in the world. The stock market emerged shortly after the independence of the United States in 1792. On the 24 October 1929, the Wall Street Crash called "Black Thursday" triggered the "Great Depression". The massive losses at the stock markets led to a global economic crisis.
On September 11, 2001, two fully occupied airplanes chrashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center. The 400 m high buildings collapsed and more than 3,000 people were buried under the rubble. Responsible for the attacks was the Islamists of "al-Qaeda" under the rule of Osama bin Laden. On September 11, 2011, the memorial was opened to the public. The memorial consists of two deep water basins, which are like footprints, exactly at the place of the destroyed twin towers.
One World Trade Center also known as "Freedom Tower", measures 417 m (1.370 feet) without antenna. With antenna the tower reaches a height of 1776 feet (date of the US Independence). This symbolic figure was the idea of Daniel Liebeskind, who won the architectural competition. But the building was designed by the architects of Skidmore Owings & Merrill from Chicago. The observation deck was opened in 2015.
The suspension bridge on East River connects Manhattan with Brooklyn. The "Brooklyn Bridge" was erected in 1883 by the German engineer Johann Augustus Röbeling. The bridge with gothic pointed arches has a hight of 84 m (280 feet). The approximately 486 m (1.600 feet) long bridge is one of the most famous landmarks of New York City.
The island at the Atlantic Ocean became a summer destination for New Yorkers in 1829. A tram way was built to "Coney Island" and hotels and strange amusement flourished. Later on, large amusement parks were built to attract the masses. Meanwhile, "Coney Island" has lost its magic, but it is still at the sea.
Welcome to New York City
New York is the most exciting city in the world, where all the peoples and languages are mixed and still remain rooted in their neighborhoods. "Big Apple" is with some 8.5 million inhabitants no longer the largest city in the world. However, there is no other city in the world with as much international flair as New York City.