The famous chewing gum company of Wrigley build its Chicago headquarter in 1924. The two towers of the complex are connected by a skybridge obove the street level. The south tower is 133 m tall, the North Tower has a hight of 89.5 m.
The Sears Tower, now called Willis Tower, was the tallest skyscraper in the world until 1998. The tower with a hight of 443 meters was built by SOM architects in 1974. Glass boxes at the observation deck stand out from the facade and provide scary looks into the abyss.
The Buckingham Fountain is a famous landmark of Chicago. The fountain in Grant Park was completed in 1927 and dedicated to Clarence Buckingham, who died in 1913. The Buckingham Fountain was designed by Edward Bennet and sponsored by Kate Buckingham to commemorate her Brother.
The Chicago Elevated Railroad "L" operates 8 m above road level. In the center the route runs in a circle "loop". The first line started it's service in 1892. The system has been extended and today there are also subway lines crossing the center. The station "Quincy" has been restored to it's historic appearance.
The Neo-Gothic Tower is the headquarter of the newspaper "Chicago Tribune". The newspaper started an architectural competition in 1922, to build the most beautiful building in the world. More than 250 architects from all over the world participated in the competition. Raymond Hood and John Mead Howell from New York finaly built the 141 m high "Tribune Tower" in 1925.
The student of Mies van der Rohe, Bertrand Goldberg, created with the "Marina City" one of the most beautiful buildings of the 1960s. The two 179 m high residential towers are also called "Corn Crops". The "Marina City" at the banks of the Chicago River, was opened in 1964.
The 197 m high "Lake Point Tower" by the architects Heinrich and Schipporeit, was the highest residential building in the world in 1968. The students of Mies van der Rohe have created a very elegant building at the shores of Lake Michigan.
Welcome to Chicago
With a population of around 2.7 million inhabitants, Chicago is the third-largest city in the USA. The New Yorkers used to called Chicago "Second City", but Chicago was the first city to build skyscrapers, even before New York. Chicago is also called the "Windy City", due to the cold wind from Canada and some people say, because of the "windy" businesses. The name "Chicago" originates from the people of the Potawatomi, who lived around Lake Michigan, before the europeans explored america.