"Big Ben" is the name of the largest bell in the 96 m high "Elizabeth Tower". The bell, weighing more than 13 tons, was first introduced in 1859 and is also called "The Voice of Britain". The "Big Ben" is the landmark of London.
Like a miracle, "St. Pauls Cathedral" survived the bombing of London in the Second World War undamaged. The church was built after the "Great Fire" of 1666, which completely destroyed the city of London. Christopher Wren was commissioned to build the new cathedral, which was completed in 1708. Since then "St. Pauls" was the biggest church in London and its 111 m high dome was the tallest construction in London for hundreds of years.
The "Albert Memorial" was built on the initiative of Queen Victoria in 1875 by George Gilbert Scott. The monument is dedicated to her husband Albert of Saxony-Coburg and Gotha, who died in 1861. The beautiful figures are representing the four continents.
The palace is the residence of the British monarchy represented by Queen Elizabeth II. The palace was built in 1703 for the Duke of Buckingham. The palace in its present shape was built in 1830.
Marie Tussaud came from Switzerland to Paris in the time of the French Revolution, where she imitated the heads of decapitated aristocrats with wax, as these were too quickly unrecognizable on the spears. In 1802 she exhibited her heads for the first time in London. Today the "Madame Tussaud's" is a popular attraction of London, where everyone can take pictures with his favorite Star.
The Piccadilly Circus is the bustling center of London. The famous sculpture "Angel of Charity" was built in 1893. As London was the center of the British Empire and Piccadilly Circus was the center of London, this place was the center of the world (only for people from England of course).
The "Carnaby Street" became famous in the "Swinging Sixties" by fashion designers. Today, the pedestrian zone is a popular shopping street in the heart of London.
In the Middle Ages the Convent of St. Peter maintained a vegetable garden at this place. In the 17th century, Inigo Jones designed a neoclassical square, with a flourishing market. The present market hall was built in 1830. Today the "Covent Garden" is a square with many restaurants and luxury shops.
The Royal Navy under the command of Sir Nelson, defeated the French fleet and the Spanish Armada at Cap Trafalgar, south of Cadiz. An invasion of England by Napoleon was prevented by this historic victory. The largest square in London was named after this important sea battle of 1805.
The "Borough Market" is considered the oldest and most beautiful market in London. Due to the favorable location on the southern bank of the Thames, a market already emerged here in the Roman era. The market hall was built in 1850, with extensions in the following years. In 2017 seven people were killed at the market by an Islamic attack. The "Borough Market" is one of the most beautiful markets in Europe. There are many delights to discover.
The "Globe Theatre" was built in 1599. William Shakespeare was a shareholder of the theatre and wrote the plays. It was the most popular theatre in London. In 1642 the civil war started and all theatres were closed. The foundation of Shakespeare's theatre was excavated in 1989 and the new "Globe Theatre" was opened in 1997.
The 310 m high skyscraper "The Shard" was the tallest building in Europe, but was surpassed in the same year by the 338 m high "Mercury City Tower" in Moscow. From the observation deck you'll have a great view above London, but the rates are quite expensive.
Charles Henry Harrod founded the world-famous department store "Harrods" in 1834. In 1883, the business house burnt down. The new building was opened in 1903, which still houses the department store today. Around 1980, the department store became the target of several attacks of the IRA, several people were killed. "Harrods" is one of the shopping attractions of London.
On Saturdays, from 5:30 am-17 pm the Antiques Market in Notting Hill is the place to be. Along Portobello Road, numerous antique shops and stalls on the street sell their unique products and create a relaxed market atmosphere.
The "Camden Market" is a huge clothes market, which takes place every day from 11 am - 6 pm. More interesting than the main street, is the "Camden Lock Market" and the "Stables Market", behind the Regent's Canal. There are also many cafes and restaurants nearby. Making the "Camden Market" a favored tourist destination.
The "Brick Lane" in the London East End is also called "Banglatown". Indian restaurants dominate the cityscape. The area looks still degenerated and street art can be found everywere. This is what makes the "Brick Lane" special, edgy and raw. The hotspot is the "Old Truman Brewery" with shops and a streetfood market.
Shoreditch is considered hip trendy with cool shops and bars. The rough charm of the working-class district adhered to any wall. Next to trendy galleries, there are cheap Vietnamese restaurants.