Frauenkirche

The Frauenkriche (Chruch of our Lady) is the landmark of Munich. The church was built in 1488 and badly damaged in World War II. The interior was destroyed by fire but the towers remained standing.   

Altes Rathaus München

The Old Town Hall (Altes Rathaus) was built after the first Munich Town Hall was destroyed by a fire in 1460. According to the plans of architect Jörg von Halsenbach, the late Gothic town hall was completed in 1490. In 1938 NSDAP Nazi Party planned the "Reichskristallnacht" in this building. During World War II, the Old Town Hall was destroyed. The reconstruction lasted until 1977. 

Neues Rathaus

The facade of the New Town Hall (Neues Rathaus) at Marienplatz was built in two phases. The eastern part was built between 1867-1874, the western part, with the tower (85 m high) was built between 1898-1908. The carillon in the tower is famous, starting at 11 and 12 o'clock. 

Stachus

The place at the end of Neuhauser Straße is actually called "Karlsplatz" but it is called "Stachus". The "Stachus" was a famous restaurant, that used to be here. The historic city gate was destroyed and rebuilt in 1861. The surrounding buildings in front of the gate, were built in 1902. 

Feldherrenhalle

The Feldherrnhalle (Hall of Commanders) built in 1844, takes the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence as model. The famous warmonger Tilly, who operated in the Thirty Years' War, is commemorated here among others. In the sence of Urban planning, the open arcaded hall, is a successful completion of the Ludwigstraße. 

Theatinerkirche

The birth of Prince Max Emanuel in 1662, was the occasion for the construction of the "Theatiner church". The unfinished church was consecrated in 1675. The baroque façade, with rococo elements was completed in 1767. 

Hofbräuhaus

Prior to the establishment of the "Hofbräuhaus", beer was imported to Munich. Duke Wilhelm V gave the order to built the Hofbräuhaus in 1589.  Brewmaster were recruited from other parts of Germany to start beer production in munich. As production increased the factory was relocated. On the original site a new Beer Palace, the "Hofbräuhaus" was opened in 1887. 

Viktualienmarkt

By order of the king, the market was moved in 1807 from "Marienplatz" to the "Church of the Holy Spirit" (Heilig-Geist-Kirche). The market expanded and in 1870 steady sales stands were built. Around 1890, the "Viktualienmarkt" (Food Market) reached its current size. Most food stands are open Mon-Sat 9-18 h. There is also a Beergarden at the market.

Residenz

The largest city castle in Germany arose from a fortress against insurgent citizens. The "Residenz" served as the palace of the Bavarian kings, dukes and princes between 1508-1918. The palace has 8 different courtyards and a small garden. The "Munich Residenz" looks quite modest from outside, but inside its abundance.

Schloss Nymphenburg

Prince Ferdinand Maria built the summer residence for his wife, who had given him a heir to the throne in 1662. The construction was commissioned by the Italian architect Agostino Barelli. The palace was expanded by the following rulers and is famous for it's parks and gardens. 

Friedensengel

The "Friedensengel" Angel of peace was erected in 1899 to commemorate 25 years of peace, after the war against France in 1871. The 6 m high, golden goddess of Nike, on a 38 m high column, forms the end of the Prinzregentenstraße in Bogenhausen. 

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Siegestor

The "Siegestor" was built in 1850 at the end of the Ludwigstrasse. The triumphal arch recalls the victories of the Bavarian army. In World War II the monument was destroyed and was rebuilt after the war, with visible war damages. On the archway is written: "Dedicated to victory, ruined in war, warning for peace." 

Bavaria

The 30 m high "Bavaria" of the sculptor Ludwig Schwanthaler was casted in 1850 from bronze. It is similar to the Athene, as the guardian goddess of Bavaria. A spiral staircase leading to a view level in the head of the statue. At her feet is the hall of fame by architect Leo von Klenze. Here the "Great Bavarians" of all professions are honored with a bust.

Propyläen

The "Propyläen" of architect Leo von Klenze, was opened in 1862. The name is Greek and is commonly used for gates in front of a holy district. At that time, Greece was ruled by the Bavarian King Otto, which led to a classicistic period in Munich.

Monopteros

The "Monopteros" is widely visible, situated on a small hill in the English Garden. From the Monopteros you have a very nice view on the silhouette of Munich. The temple like building was built in 1836 by architect Leo von Klenze

Chinesischer Turm

The 25 m high Chinese style pagoda was built in 1870. The wooden building was burned down several times, the current tower was built in 1952. The "Chinese Tower" is the most famous Beergarden in the English Garden.

Map of sights in Munich

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