The Old Town Hall (Altes Rathaus) was built after the first Munich Town Hall was destroyed by a fire in 1460. According to the plans of architect Jörg von Halsenbach, the late Gothic town hall was completed in 1490. In 1938 NSDAP Nazi Party planned the "Reichskristallnacht" in this building. During World War II, the Old Town Hall was destroyed. The reconstruction lasted until 1977.
The facade of the New Town Hall (Neues Rathaus) at Marienplatz was built in two phases. The eastern part was built between 1867-1874, the western part, with the tower (85 m high) was built between 1898-1908. The carillon in the tower is famous, starting at 11 and 12 o'clock.
The place at the end of Neuhauser Straße is actually called "Karlsplatz" but it is called "Stachus". The "Stachus" was a famous restaurant, that used to be here. The historic city gate was destroyed and rebuilt in 1861. The surrounding buildings in front of the gate, were built in 1902.
The Feldherrnhalle (Hall of Commanders) built in 1844, takes the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence as model. The famous warmonger Tilly, who operated in the Thirty Years' War, is commemorated here among others. In the sence of Urban planning, the open arcaded hall, is a successful completion of the Ludwigstraße.
Prior to the establishment of the "Hofbräuhaus", beer was imported to Munich. Duke Wilhelm V gave the order to built the Hofbräuhaus in 1589. Brewmaster were recruited from other parts of Germany to start beer production in munich. As production increased the factory was relocated. On the original site a new Beer Palace, the "Hofbräuhaus" was opened in 1887.
By order of the king, the market was moved in 1807 from "Marienplatz" to the "Church of the Holy Spirit" (Heilig-Geist-Kirche). The market expanded and in 1870 steady sales stands were built. Around 1890, the "Viktualienmarkt" (Food Market) reached its current size. Most food stands are open Mon-Sat 9-18 h. There is also a Beergarden at the market.
The largest city castle in Germany arose from a fortress against insurgent citizens. The "Residenz" served as the palace of the Bavarian kings, dukes and princes between 1508-1918. The palace has 8 different courtyards and a small garden. The "Munich Residenz" looks quite modest from outside, but inside its abundance.
Prince Ferdinand Maria built the summer residence for his wife, who had given him a heir to the throne in 1662. The construction was commissioned by the Italian architect Agostino Barelli. The palace was expanded by the following rulers and is famous for it's parks and gardens.
The "Siegestor" was built in 1850 at the end of the Ludwigstrasse. The triumphal arch recalls the victories of the Bavarian army. In World War II the monument was destroyed and was rebuilt after the war, with visible war damages. On the archway is written: "Dedicated to victory, ruined in war, warning for peace."
The 30 m high "Bavaria" of the sculptor Ludwig Schwanthaler was casted in 1850 from bronze. It is similar to the Athene, as the guardian goddess of Bavaria. A spiral staircase leading to a view level in the head of the statue. At her feet is the hall of fame by architect Leo von Klenze. Here the "Great Bavarians" of all professions are honored with a bust.