The 135 m long column facade was erected in 1860 on behalf of King Wilhelm I as a counterpoint to the "Neues Schloss" the new Palace. The late classicist building was designed by the architects Leins and Knapp. The "Königsbau" Kings building is located directly on the Stuttgart pedestrian zone.
The first castle was built here in 950 to protect the stud. The Renaissance castle was built between 1553 -1578. In 1931 the interior was destroyed by fire. During World War II, the building was damaged by airstrikes. Since 1971 the "Old Castle" is used as National Museum.
The Neo-Gothic town hall built in 1905 was completely destroyed during the World War 2. In 1956 the New Town Hall was built according to the plans of the architects Hans Paul Schmohl and Paul Stohrer. In the 60 m high Rathausturm (tower) there is a bell-play. The modernist tower of the New Town Hall quickly became the landmark of Stuttgart.
The neo-Gothic St. John's Church was completed in 1876. The architect was Christian Friedrich von Leins, who built the evangelical church in the style of French Gothic. The church tower was destroyed in the Second World War and not restored. The church stands on a peninsula in the Feuersee lake.
The "Karlshöhe" is a mountain on which the "Reinsburg" used to be, later on the hill was used as a quarry. A lime tree was planted here for King Karl I (Charles I) in 1864, since then the hill is called "Karlshoehe". From the 343 m high mountain you have a wonderful panorama over the Stuttgart city center. There is also a popular beer garden from which you can enjoy the view on the city.