The Stuttgart merchants offered Duke Karl Eugen 30,000 guilders if he moved his residence back to Stuttgart. His predecessor Duke Eberhard Ludwig built a new residence town called Ludwigsburg in 1704. Stuttgart was able to convince the Duke to move back and between 1746 and 1807 the New Castle of the Württemberg Kingdom was built according to the plans of Leopoldo Retti. The old castle is very close, but was no longer considered a stately residence.
The new palace was designed by Retti in the late baroque style, but since the Italian architect died in 1751, the Stuttgart palace was completed by other architects. The architectural style changed from baroque to classicism. Despite the different builders and styles, the New Castle looks very harmonious.
After the end of the monarchy in 1918, the former palace was used as a museum. It was partially destroyed in Second World War, so the interior is no longer preserved. The building is now used by the ministries of the state of Baden-Württemberg. The New Castle is the most famous sight in Stuttgart and the center of the city.
The Königsbau on the Schlossplatz is one of the most famous buildings in Stuttgart. The 135 m long column facade was built in 1860 by order of King Wilhelm I as a counterpoint to the New Palace. The late classicist commercial building was designed by the architects Leins and Knapp with Doric columns. At that time there was still a ballroom in the building. The Königsbau is located directly on the Stuttgart pedestrian zone and is now used as a shopping mall and office building. In 2006 the Königsbau was expanded to include a shopping center. The Königsbau-Passagen is a 5-storey atrium with an oval glass roof by the architects Hascher Jehle from Berlin.
The Protestant collegiate church is the most important church in Stuttgart. The first traces of an early Romanesque church at this location point to the 10th century. From 1240 the building was enlarged to a three-aisled church. Of the two planned towers, only the southern tower was built. In 1321 the burial place of the Württemberg Dynasty was moved from Beutelsbach to the Stuttgart collegiate church and an early Gothic choir was built. Count Ulrich V had the church expanded in a late Gothic style in 1436 and added a wider nave and the western tower. All naves are covered by a single roof. Usually the central nave is higher than the two side aisles and has windows on the upper part of the wall, to let light shine into the church. Since the high roof in the interior is covered by the modern ceiling construction, the collegiate church appears relatively small, and the west tower also narrows the interior.
The collegiate church was hit by bombs in World War II and was badly damaged. During the reconstruction in 1950, the nave was reconstructed in a simplified way.
The Stuttgart market hall is located on Karlsplatz, south of the Old Palace. Martin Elsässer won the architectural competition for the market hall in 1910. The reinforced concrete structure above the former vegetable market was opened in 1914. The goods were initially delivered via freight trams. The Stuttgart architect Martin Elsässer also built the wholesale market hall in Frankfurt am Main. In the market hall you will find exquisite products from the region and delicacies from all over the world. The culinary temple attracts many visitors and there are many restaurants and coffee houses in the adjacent Sporerstraße.
The neo-Gothic town hall from 1905 was completely destroyed in the Second World War. The New Town Hall was built in 1956 according to the plans of the architects Hans Paul Schmohl and Paul Stohrer. There is a carillon in the 60 m high tower. The modernist tower of the New Town Hall quickly became the symbol of Stuttgart.
The "Karlshöhe" is a mountain on which the "Reinsburg" used to be, later on the hill was used as a quarry. A lime tree was planted here for King Karl I (Charles I) in 1864, since then the hill is called "Karlshoehe". From the 343 m high mountain you have a wonderful panorama over the Stuttgart city center. There is also a popular beer garden from which you can enjoy the view on the city.
The television tower (Fernsehturm) is the landmark of Stuttgart. The reinforced concrete tower was built in 1956 and was the first of its kind in the world. It was designed by civil engineer Fritz Leonhardt. The 217 m high television tower stands on a hill and offers a magnificent panorama of the city in the valley and the green surroundings of Stuttgart. The television tower was renovated in 2016 and is open to visitors again since. The tower is one of the most popular sights in Stuttgart, thanks to the viewing platform and the restaurant in the base. On the tower's website you can find out the opening times and entrance fee.
How to get there
With the metroline U7 from Stuttgart central station to Ruhbank station. From there it is about 400 m to the television tower.