The historic old town of Frankfurt was destroyed in 1944 by American air raids. In 1974, the Technical City Hall was built on the property. The concrete block consisted of three office towers and did not respect the location and history of the site. In 2007, the city council voted for the demolition of the Technical City Hall and the reconstruction of Frankfurt's Old Town. The Technical City Hall was demolished in 2010, 2012 began the reconstruction of the historic center. Of the 35 new buildings 15 were built as a historical reconstruction, the most beautiful is the half-timbered house "Goldene Waage". At the "Hühnermarkt" (chicken market), the Stoltze-Fountain was rebuilt. The new buildings adhere to urban planning principles of the old town, such as steep saddle roofs, but the facades are modern. This creates a mix of old and new houses that does not look like the historic center of Frankfurt, but revives the character of the old town. The "New Old Town" is scheduled to open in fall 2018, but from the 9th of May you can already walk through the historic quarter. Further information on the current status of the construction and a 3d tour can be found under the link of the DomRömer GmbH.
Since 1405 the "Römer" serves as the City Hall of Frankfurt. Most famous is the Emperor´s Hall and its portraits of all German Emperors. The distinctive stepped gable facade is the town´s Landmark. The City Hall is at the main square of the historic city centre called "Römerberg" (hill of the romans).
The Ostzeile on Römerberg Square was destroyed during World War II and was rebuilt in 1983 following historical examples. Currently, 35 buildings of the destroyed old town are being reconstructed.
From 1562 until 1792 the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations were crowned in the Kaiserdom, correctly referred to as St. Bartholomäus Cathedral. The construction was begun in 1235 and from 1356 imperial elections took place there. The cathedral museum presents the cathedral Treasury. A beautiful view can be enjoyed from the 92m/301ft high steeple.
The "Paulskirche" (St Paul's church) was erected as the protestant main church in 1833. The first "German National Assembly" was held there in 1848. The interiors and the steep roof were destroyed during World War II. Since its reconstruction in 1948 the church is regarded as the House of all Germans. The "Peace Prize of the German Book Trade" is being awarded there. The "Paulskirche" was the first German Parliament and is a national symbol of democracy.
The climax of a visit to Frankfurt is the view from the observation deck of the Helaba Bank. The city is at ones feet from the 199m/652ft high office tower. Presuming good weather the Taunus mountain range northwards and the Odenwald southwards are visible.
The Hauptwache was constructed as a police station and prison in 1730. Since 1904 it is used as a coffeehouse. During the construction of the subway in the Seventies, the building had to be removed and was built up again later.
The German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born 1749 in this house. Goethe lived there with his parents and his sister Cornelia until he went to Leipzig to attend law school. From 1770 until 1775 he lived in Strasbourg as well as in Frankfurt before he went to Weimar. The timbered house in Frankfurt´s center was damaged during WW2 and reconstructed in 1949. The exhibition presents interiors of the prince of poet´s times.
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange exists since over 400 years. The building was completed in 1879. The famous trading hall from where all TV stations broadcast their market reviews, can be visited. On the square outside stands the Bulle und Bär (bull and bear) sculpture that represents rising and falling Prices.
The financial crisis made the EURO symbol famous. It is located in front of the Central European Bank. Since the relocation of the ECB to its new home at Frankfurt´s East End, the symbol was renovated. The sculpture was designed by german artist Ottmar Hoerl.
The Zeil Avenue is the longest shopping promenade in Frankfurt. Located on the 500m/1640ft long pedestrian zone are the established and mainstream department stores and shops. With about 11,000 visitors per hour, the Zeil belongs to the top shopping streets in Germany.
The Fressgass (the "munching" lane) got its name from the many delicatessen and gourmet food stores that are located there. Around noon many of the bankers and stockjobbers would have their lunch on the Fressgass. Prices are in the upper range but not too expensive. Soup kitchens sell good low priced meals.
The Skyline of Frankfurt as seen from the "Flößer Brücke". Frankfurt has about 30 highrise buildings over 100 m tall.