Instead of the medieval city fortifications, a park was created that encompasses the entire old town of Frankfurt. The rampart is only interrupted at the Alte Oper and the Frankfurt Opera. The Frankfurt Wall Park is a protected park with tall trees and several ponds. The city wall was built in 1333 and had several gates, after which some sections of today's park were named. The sections are called Untermainanlage, Gallusanlage, Taunusanlage, Bockenheimer Anlage, Eschenheimer Anlage, Friedberger Anlage and Obermainanlage.
Napoleon demanded the demolition of the city fortifications and disassembly began in 1802. A 100 m wide strip was protected by the wall park protection law, on which the landscape park is located today. The rest of the area could be built on. The city saved the cost for the demolition and the buyers got a lucrative property in the city center.
Frankfurt's only vineyard is located on the 180 m high hill of the Lohrberg. From the Lohrberg you have a very nice view of the Frankfurt skyline. In the Lohrberg Schänke beergarden you can enjoy home-style specialties from Frankfurt. A visit to the MainÄppelHaus is also worthwhile, as there is fresh cider and a shop with regional products. Lohrberg Park is located between the Frankfurt districts of Seckbach and Bergen-Enkheim. The park can be reached on foot from both parts of the city.
At the weekend there is a bus between Lohrberg and Friedberger Warte. You can also take the U4 to Seckbacher Landstraße and then take bus 43 to Bergen-Ost exit at Budge-Altenheim / Lohrberg. From there up the Klingenweg and walk left to the MainÄppelHaus. There is a parking space at Berger Weg, but it is full early on weekends. At good weather you have a great view, you can see the Spessart Mountains, the city of Offenbach, the Odenwald Mountains and the Frankfurt skyscrapers. For this reason, the Lohrberg is crowded on weekends and New Year's Eve.
The Main River is Frankfurt's No. 1 leisure destination. People lie on the gras or drink cider in a deck chair at the Main Café or ride a bike to Aschaffenburg in Bavaria. Rowing clubs offer water sports and you can get a sailing license in the sailing club. The southern bank is almost completely designed as a park, the northern bank between the Westhafen and the ECB is also a nice place to relax.
The Nizza Garten (Nice Garden) is a park on the northern bank of the Main. The proximity to the river Main and the heat-storing quay walls allow palm trees and other Mediterranean plants to thrive like in Nice at the Cote d'Azur. The first palm trees were planted around 1875. The Nice Garden is located between the Untermainbrücke and the "MainNizza" restaurant. The Jewish Museum Frankfurt is located north of the Mediterranean garden.
The Hafenpark (Harbour Park) was created together with the European Central Bank, which moved its headquarters from downtown Frankfurt to the Main in 2015. Around 2010, where the harbor park is located, car wrecks and scrap metal were piled up. The Berlin landscape architects Sinai won the planning competition with a clear zoning of the area. In the north is the skate park, in the middle a band of sports fields and on the Main a large meadow, which is divided by small walls. The Hafenpark has developed into a meeting point for young people and athletes. The skate park was opened in 2012, the remaining green areas and path connections to the northern bank of the Main river were completed in 2020.
In 1868 a corporation was founded by Henry Siesmayer to bring the exotic plant collection of impoverished "Duke of Nassau" to Frankfurt. In 1871 the Palmengarten (Palm Garden) was opened. The palm house "Tropicarium", the cactus garden and the rhododendron garden are among the main attractions of the garden.
The Peoples Park Niddatal is the largest park in Frankfurt. On an area of 168 hectares, vast meadows spread out, which are framed by forests. The Volkspark Niddatal was created for the national garden show BUGA 1989. In contrast to other parks in Frankfurt, the meadows are seldom mown, which means that the grass is often very high and the park looks like a natural landscape. Due to the high grass, the Volkspark Niddatal is only conditionally suitable for sports and picnic activities. But you have open space and nature in the middle of the city.
The park borders Ginnheim in the west, Hausen in the east, Bockenheim in the south and the Nidda in the north. The photo shows the view to the north, with the Taunus in the background. The subway station Niddapark is located directly at the Peoples Park, from the Hausen station you walk about 200 m to the entrance.
The Nidda is a river that rises in the Vogelsberg Mountains and flows into the river Main at Frankfurt Höchst. The first Roman settlement on Frankfurt soil was built 2.000 years ago on the Nidda. The small river was channeled in the 1970s and regulated with barrages. In the urban area of Frankfurt there are riverside paths and green spaces on both banks. At the Nidda in Frankfurt you can cycle around 16 kilometers in one direction. However, the bike path continues to Bad Vilbel and the Wetterau. Some of the meandering river loops still exist, some parts of the Nidda have already been renatured and has been given a wider river bed. The Nidda is part of the Frankfurt Green Belt. There are some places on the river, that have been converted for the Green Belt. For example the old airfield in Bonames, where there is now the Tower Café or the Hoechst weir, which was demolished and renatured. There are several outdoor pools on the Nidda and the Solmspark in Rödelheim. The photo shows the Nidda at the Roemerstadt.
The Chinese Garden in Bethmann Park was opened in 1989. In the garden there is a sculpture of the Five Rams from the twin city of Guangzhou. The garden is particularly beautiful in autumn, spring and snow. The wooden pavilion was destroyed by arson in 2017. The pavilion was rebuilt by Chinese workers, and the garden was opened to the public in 2020.
The Ostpark opened 1909 is the second-largest park in Frankfurt with more than 32 hectares. The lake Ostparkweiher is an old creek of the Main river. The large meadow in the park is used by the footballers and BBQ chiefs. The playground has been occupied by geese and their excrements contaminates the large grass area. Fences and hedges help little, the birds can fly. The pavilion from 1928, designed by architect Max Cetto was reconstructed at the pond in 2019. Max Cetto worked as an architect at the New Frankfurt with Ernst May and emigrated to Mexico in 1939. He was a founding member of CIAM. Photo: View over the Ostparkweiher with the European Central Bank in the background.
South Korea was the host country of the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2005. On this occasion, the Asian country built this charming garden in the "Grüneburg Park" of Frankfurt. The Frankfurt Korean Garden consists of two wooden houses, connected by a stream and a pool. In May 2017, one of the two houses was destroyed by arson. There are plans to rebuilt the wooden structure.
The Licht- und Luftbad (light and air bath) is located on a narrow peninsula in the Main river and was opened in 1900 as a bathing area. The bath offers summer holiday feeling with trees, water, lawn and a small beach. The cafe has an interesting architecture see Architecture Frankfurt.
The "Goetheturm" is a tower in the Frankfurt forest. The Goethe tower was erected in 1931 and is with 43.3 m the second highest wooden tower in Germany. Those who have climbed the 196 steps to the top of the tower can enjoy a great panorama over the Stadtwald, with a view of the Frankfurt skyline. At the foot of the Goetheturm is a playground and a beer garden. The Goethe Tower was destroyed by arson in 2017 and was reopen in October 2020.
The "Frankfurter Stadtwald" is located on the southern city limits of Frankfurt and is with 35 km² the "green lung" of Frankfurt. In the Frankfurt City Forrest there is the lake Jacobiweiher, the beergarden Oberschweinstiege, the Commerzbank Arena and the Goetheturm. Photo: View from the Goetheturm over the Stadtwald with the Frankfurt Skyline in the background.
The city of Frankfurt decided in 1991 to protect 80 square kilometers of green space around the city. Part of this "green belt" is the orchards on the Berger Hang, in the east of the city. In spring the whole hillside is blooming and in autumn leaves of all colors make this place magnificent. The Frankfurt green belt completely surrounds the city and can be easily reached in large parts via bike paths and hiking trails. The urban forest and the green corridor along the Nidda also belong to the green belt.
The Huth Park was built between 1910 and 1913. In 1929, a pavilion was erected by Eugen Kaufmann, where the Café "Bergstation" has it's location since 2012. Huth Park has a large grass area in the middle and a path around the edge of the park, which is lined with tall trees. Huth Park is very popular with dog owners because part of the large park area is for unleashed dogs.
The Schwanheim dune originated in the last ice age around 10.000 BC by sand, which was blown from the river banks of the Main. The sensitive ecosystem, made from drought-tolerant silver grass and pines, can be explored on a wooden bridge. You are not allowed to enter the nature reserve because many rare plants grow in this habitat. The dune is located in the west of Schwanheim and borders on a former gravel pit.