The Parthenon Temple was built in 438 BC to worship the patron goddess of Athena. The Temple was built to celebrate the victory over the Persians in 480 BC. Under Ottoman rule, the temple was used as a mosque and ammunition depot. In an attack the powder depot exploded and destroyed the temple.
The Erechtheion was built around 406 BC. It served as a temple for several gods and heroes. The statue of Athena stood here. The porch is supported by six pillars decorated with beautiful female figures called caryatids.
The temple of the goddess of victory was destroyed by the Persians 480 BC and rebuilt 410 BC. With only 5.4 m x 8.3 m, it is a very small temple on the Acropolis. The gable was supported by 4 columns, the wingless Nike Statue stood in the vestry. The Ottomans disassembled the temple in 1687 and attached the material to the bastion. In 1836 the Nike Temple was rebuilt by using these stones.
The "Herod Theater" was founded in 161 AD by Herod Atticus, a Greco-Roman politician in memory of his just deceased wife. His wife Anna Regilla was a high priestess who was murdered the previous year. Some people claimed that he had murdered his wife himself.
The Central Market Hall "Kentriki Agora" is the belly of Athens, here you can find all the smells of the city. The simple hall of cast iron was built in 1880. A visit is worthwhile because of the special atmosphere.
The Roman Emperor Hadrian donated the Library in 132 AD. The building was destroyed in 267 by an attack by the Herulians. It is assumed that the library built around a courtyard, had the function of a university.
The octagonal tower was built around 50 BC by the Greek astronomer Andronikos as a measuring station. On the roof there was a weather banner in the form of the sea god "Triton". On all eight sides, sundials were installed and there was a water clock inside the tower. The relief below the Attica shows the 8 Windgods (Anemoi). An interesting reinterpretation of the "Tower of the Winds" was built in Yokohama by Toyo Ito.
The construction of the "Temple of Hephaestus" started around 449 BC, the works could be finished in 415 BC. The Temple of Hephaestus was consecrated to the god of smithy. The Doric ring-shaped temple made of marble is one of the best preserved Greek temples.
The "Temple of Zeus" was started around 550 BC, but it was completed more than 400 years later under Emperor Hadrian around 130 AD. The huge 100 meter-long temple with a double row of columns was probably destroyed by an earthquake.
The Greek Parliament was built in 1842 as the residence of King Otto. Since 1935 the neoclassical building serves as a parliament. The changing of the guard every hour, is an interesting spectacle in front of the parliament.
The Square of the Constitution is the center of Athens, where the pedestrian zone "Ermou" begins, where international hotels and the Parliament building are located. In the Syntagma metro station, archaeological finds are displayed, which were discovered during the construction of the station.
The "Panathinaiko Stadium" was built for the first Olympic Games, of the modern era in 1896. It stands on the same place, as the ancient stadium of Athens.
The neoclassical exhibition hall was erected in 1888 by the German architects Hansen and Ziller. The freedom fighter and prosperous businessman Evangelos Zappas donated the building. The beautiful courtyard is worth a visit.
The "Hadrian Gate" marked the transition from the ancient Greek city to the new Roman city of Hadrian. Hadrian was the fourteenth Emperor of Rome and ruled the world empire from 117-138 AD. He was a great admirer of the Greek culture and promoted Athens in a very special way. The Hadrian's Arch built around 131 AD is located near the Temple of Zeus, completed under Hadrian.
The "Metropolitan Cathedral" was built in 1862 under the rule of King Otto I, as the largest church in Athens. The Annunciation Cathedral was designed by the Danish architect Hansen, in neo-Byzantine style. Next to the "Megali Mitropoli", stands the much older "Mikri Mitropoli".
In the middle of the pedestrian zone "Ermou" stands the Byzantine church from the 11th century. In 1834, the church was supposed to give way to the construction of the Ermou Street, but the plans were changed in the short term and the Kapnikarea Church was preserved.
The Ottomans built the Tsisdarakis Mosque in 1759. The architect Mustafa Tsistarakis destroyed ancient columns for the construction, which led to his dismissal. After the independence, the minaret was demolished. Since then, the mosque is used as a museum.