On 9.8.1945 the second nuclear bomb of the Americans exploded over Nagasaki. 75,000 people died immediately, another 100,000 died of the long-term consequences of the radiation. The Peace Park "Heiwa-Koen" was built in 1955 at the site over which the atomic bomb was detonated. The blue peace statue of Seibo Kitamura points with one arm into the sky, from where the bomb came and with the other arm in the horizontal, as a symbol of peace. His eyes are closed to commemorate the dead. In front of the statue, the peace declaration of the mayor of Nagasaki is read every year on the 9th of August. Next to the Peace Park is the Atomic Bomb Museum, the National Memorial for Atomic Bomb Victims and the Peace Hall. In the memorial park there is the Hypocenter Monument, a black stele that marks the site of the atomic explosion.
On the west side of the Kazagashira mountain there are many Buddhist temple complexes. Walking from Sofuku-ji to Kofuku-ji, you pass Daiko-ji, Daion-ji, Chosho-ji, Iozen Enmei and other smaller temples. Behind the Kofuku-ji there are more temples until you reach the small river. You can also follow the steep stairs to the mountain, then you will discover the most beautiful lanes of Nagasaki.
The Sofuku-ji Temple was built in 1629 by Chinese immigrants from Fujian. Like the Fukusai-ji, the Sofuku-ji belongs to the Obaku School of Zen Buddhism. He is one of the "Three Lucky Temples" in Nagasaki, all bearing the FU (luck) character in their name. The Sofuku-ji is built in the style of the later Ming Dynasty and is the oldest building in Nagasaki. The gate "Daiippo-mon" (gate of the first summit) was manufactured in Ningbo China and then put together in Nagasaki. The Daiippo-mon is a national treasure of Japan. The entrance gate (photo) with the rounded pedestal is modeled on the legendary gateway to the underwater paradise. The Sofuku-ji is the most famous Chinese temple in Japan and Chinese people from all over Japan come to the temple festivals here. Sofuku-ji is the main attraction of Nagasaki.
The goggle bridge "Megane Bashi" is the landmark of Nagasaki. The two arches look like glasses when they are reflected in the Nakashima River. The bridge was built by Chinese Zen priest Mozi in 1634. This makes the spectacle bridge the oldest stone bridge in Japan. The bridge connects the hill on which the Chinese temples Sofuku-ji and Kofuku-ji were built with the city center of Nagasaki. The "Megane Bashi" is one of the most popular photo opportunities of Japanese tourists in Nagasaki.
The Fukusai-ji Temple in Nagasaki was founded in 1628 by Chinese immigrants. During this time, Nagasaki's "Three Lucky Temples" were created. The 3 lucky temples are Kofuku-ji, Sofuku-ji and Fukusai-ji. They each carry the Chinese character Fu (luck) in their name. The Fukusai-ji was the first temple of the Obaku school of Zen Buddhism in Japan. His first master was Yinyuan Longqi (Japanese: Ingen Ryuki), a student of Linji Chan buddhism who came to Nagasaki from China in 1658. Later he went to Kyoto, where he founded the main temple of the Obaku school, the Manpuku-ji temple in Uji. The Fukusai-ji temple was destroyed by the atomic bomb in 1945. The temple was rebuilt after the war. The hall was built as a giant turtle on which stands a 18 m high Kannon statue, children flock at the feet of the statue. The turtle is a symbol of long life, it holds the secrets of heaven and earth. Kannon is the Buddhist bodhisattva of compassion. Inside the temple, a foukault pendulum swings to commemorate the 16,500 children killed by the atomic bomb.
Welcome to Nagasaki
How to get to Gunkanjima Island?
From Nagasaki there are various boat trips to the deserted island of Gunkanjima. The sea is often very rough here and even people who have little problems with seasickness had a very pale face afterwards.
If you do not want to go to Gunkanjima, you can also go to the Gunkanjima Digital Museum in Nagasaki.