The construction of the cathedral started in 1421, but the Gothic church was not completed until 1893. The Belltower can be climbed and offers a great views to the Mountains of the Berner Oberland. The 20 m high nave has a beautiful a net vault ceiling.
The historic center of Bern has a regular building style. All houses have a large overhanging roof and in the basement, the houses are connected with covered arcades (Lauben). All arcades together are more than 6 km long.
The moat of the 3rd city wall was filled in 1513. On the open space the cattle market took place. In 1864 the square was paved and named "Bärenplatz" Bearsquare. A relic of the old city wall is the "Käfigturm" Cagetower built 1644, which was used as a prison until 1897.
The time clock "Zytglogge" was the western tower of the city fortification until 1256. After the expansion of the city, the tower lost it's use and was equipped with a clock in 1405. In 1530 the belfry was added. At the full hour the character play begins, which is announced by the golden cock a few minutes before. Then the bear procession starts, the cock crows a second time and the harlequin rings his bells. Chronos turns the hourglass and the golden man rings a bell. In the end the golden cock crows again.
The "Kindlifresserbrunne" child-eater-well belongs to a series of wells in the old town of Bern. The well sculpture of Hans Gieng was created in 1545. The "child-eater" eats naughty children, which he collects in his pockets. Other wells (Brunnen) are the "Zähringerbrunnen", the "Kramgassenbrunnen", the "Mosesbrunnen" (Münsterplatz) and the "Vennerbrunnen" (Rathausplatz).
Built in late-Gothic style in 1415, the historic town hall still serves as the headquarter of the parliament of the canton Bern. The town hall was rebuilt neo-Gothic style in 1868. Later on changes were made, including the figures of Gustave Piguet, on the façade in 1942.
The parliament is flanked by the two "Bundeshäusern" Union Buildings, built between 1857 and 1892. The parliament building with the three domes was completed in 1902. The neoclassical "Bundeshaus" is the seat of government and parliament of the Swiss Confederation.
The iron construction of the "Kirchenfeldbrücke" was built in 1883, it consists of two 37 m high arches. The 229 m long bridge spans over the Aare creek. The builder of the bridge committed suicide in 1882, he jumped into the Aare, because he thought he made a mistake and the bridge might collapse.