The Bund (Waitan) is the colonial promenade along the Huangpu River. European and American Companies settled here after the first Opium War in 1842. They built representative trade houses and banks.
The Huxinting teahouse is, as the name suggests, built in the heart of the lake. You walk over a zigzag bridge to reach the tea house in the green lotus lake. The building was erected in 1784 by the Guild of cotton traders. The tea house is one of the most photographed building in Shanghai.
The Chen Xiang Monastery is a pretty temple complex on the northern edge of the Shanghai old town called "Nan Cheng". In the inner courtyard are ginkgo trees and Penjing, which are known as "bonsai". It is a typical Southern China temple, with yellow painted walls.
The "Baiyun Temple" is a daoist monastery. The Daoism is a Chinese philosophy, which was founded by Laozi about 600 BC. "Jin and Yang", "Wuwei" acting through not acting, the body energy of "Chi", "the way is the aim" and many more Chinese traditions are based on the Daoism. The Temple of the "White Cloud" offers insights into this philosophy.
The "Lao Jie" (Old Street) in the southern Chinese city "Nancheng", is a reconstruction and rather an overflowing tourist street than a historic old town. Whoever is looking for the "old China" will find the "new". But here is always something going on and there are many shops and restaurants.
Master Kong Fu Zi created the Chinese state philosophy of Confucianism. In all the great cities of the country there are temples in honor of Confucius. The four pillars of philosophy are justice, fellow humanity, rites, and childlike piety, combined with ancestral cult. You can hang up a piece of paper with your wishes and hope they will fulfill.
The Nanjing Lu is the main shopping street of Shanghai. The 1.2 km long pedestrian area transforms at night into a colorful sea of lights. In 1845 the road was built in the International Zone as "Park Lane", the Chinese simply called it Dama Lu (main street). Today it is called after the city of Nanjing.
The "Sino-Soviet Friendship Building" was established in 1955 as an exhibition hall of the Russian industry. The 110 m high Stalinist monument was renamed "Shanghai Exhibition Center" in 1968, after considerable tensions between the two countries.
The "Temple of Silence and Peace" was originally located at Suzhou He and was moved to this place in 1216. , The "Jingan Si" temple complex burnt down in 1972. In the meantime it was used as a plastic factory. The temple was rebuilt in 1983 and has been continuously expanded since. In the three halls, there are impressive Buddha statues and in the inner courtyard incense sticks are burned.
"Pudong" was still a barren port in 1990, with small sheds and warehouses. Today you will find the the tallest skyscrapers of Shanghai in Pudong. At night Pudong turns into a colorful sea of lights, entire high-rise facades are illuminated.
In Pudong are the tallest skyscrapers of Shanghai. The 420 m high "Jin Mao Tower" was built in 1998 and was then the tallest building in China. Right next to the Jin Mao stands the "Shanghai World Financial Center" with a height of 492 m, built in 2008. Currently, the 632 m high "Shanghai Tower" is the talles building of the city.
The first "Transrapid" circuit in the world was opened in 2002. The trains run between Longyanglu Station and Pudong Airport with max. 430 km / h. The "Maglev" route is 34 km long. The german train flies on a magnetic field without touching the track.
Welcome to Shanghai
With more than 23 million inhabitants, Shanghai is the second-largest city in China. Chongqing is No. 1. However, Chongqing has a more than 10 times larger total area. Therefore, Shanghai is actually the bigger city. Until 200 years ago, Shanghai was a relatively insignificant harbor town. After the "First Opium War" in 1843 that the ascent of Shanghai began, when China was forced to open the harbor. Europeans and Americans made Shanghai an international trade city. Today, Shanghai is a metropolis with an impressive skyline of thousands of high-rise buildings.