After Palma de Mallorca was conquered on 12.31.1229 by Jaume I, a few days later construction of the cathedralon begun on the foundations of the former mosque. The Gothic nave was completed in the 16th century while the facade was not completed until the 20th century.
The city hall of Palma was built in 1649, it is a beautiful baroque building at the Plaça de Cort. The wide cantilevered roof of dark cedar wood is unusual. Just around the corner, there is the neo-gothic Consell de Mallorca (photo). It was the administration building of the Kingdom of Majorca until 1718.
The "Consolat de Mar" was founded in Barcelona, it was the Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and a lobby group of the merchant fleet. The Consolat de Mar could independently administer justice therefor they had to support the "King of Aragon" on the battlefields in the Mediterranean.
The Franciscan Order built its first church in Mallorca in 1281. Later the monastery was expanded and received a Gothic cloister. The simple natural stone facade of the "Convent Sant Francesc" was built in the 17th century.
The main shopping street of Palma connects the "Plaça Major" with the "Plaça d 'Espanya", where the train station is located. From the shaded pedestrian zone you can also get to the market hall "Mercat de l'Olivar". On the "Carrer de Sant Miquel" there are two beautiful churches and the museum "Fundació Juan March".
Palma has a well preserved town center, with many nice old streets. East of the cathedral are medieval buildings, with wide cantilevered roofs and clear shapes. However, most buildings in the old town are not as old as they look. Most houses where built between the 17th to the 19th century.
The Theater of Palma was opened in 1667. After the house was temporarily used as a royal residence, the building was used as theatre again in 1854. In 1858 the theater burned down and was reopened in 1860. The last conversion took place in 2007.
Similar to the Rambla, the Passeig des Born is also a beautiful alley with a wide sidewalk in the middle. However, there are numerous shops on both sides of the street. At the northern end is the Plaça Rei Carles I with a small fountain.
The "Plaça Major" of Palma is similar to other Spanish cities, a large rectangular square in the center with a uniform facade design. Those who like artisan markets and street artists in "funny" costumes are at the right spot. But there are also cafes and restaurants anlong the beautiful square.
The Plaça d'Espanya is the center of Palma, here is the starting point of all the distance measurements of the island and the train station. In the middle of the square stands the equestrian statue of Jaume I, the Conquistador, who expelled the Muslims from the island in 1229.
Along the elegant palm alley between the harbor and the old town, there are some interesting buildings of the city, such as the Llotja and the Consolat de Mar. At the western end of the avenue is the old bastion of Sant Pere.
The center of German vacation party is located at the beach of S'Arenal. The name "Ballermann" originates from Balneario 6, a beach cafe on the promenade of S'Arenal. Ballermann is no german word but it can be translated as "Boozeman". Nearby are the german pubs "Oberbayern", "Bierkönig" and the club "Megapark". The famous public "bucket booze" was banned recently. If you want to experience the britsh way of holiday booze, just go to "Magaluf" on the other end of the bay.
King James II of Mallorca built the castle as his Royale residence in 1300. The circular castle with a beautiful courtyard, is located on a 112 m high hill above the harbour of Palma. The panoramic view of the bay is worth the climb.