The Vondel Park was created in 1865 on the initiative of a group of rich merchants. It got its name from a monument built in the park for the poet Joost van den Vondel. The park offers cafes and lawns on the water, the perfect place to relax in Amsterdam.
The Museumplein is a large park area between the Rijksmuseum and the Stedelijk Museum. Therefore many tourists relax in the park. Under the sloping meadow on the photo, there is a supermarket.
The Jordaan district is famous for the small backyard gardens. But for tourists they are hard to find, you should join a guided tour, to discover the most beautiful gardens.
The IJ is not a river, but an inlet that connects the IJsselmeer with the North Sea. The IJ separates Amsterdam from Noord-Amsterdam, the word itself means water. As the Amsterdam harbor looses it's economic importance, the banks of the IJ are more and more transformed into residential areas and parks.
The northern bank of the IJ can be reached by ferry from the central station. The relatively new "Oeverpark" is located directly on the water and offers a beautiful view on the city and the ships passing by.
The Erasmuspark is located at Erasmusgracht, both of which are named after the humanist Desiderius Erasmus, who is known as "Erasmus of Rotterdam". The park is completely surrounded by a moat, which is covered by algae in the summer, shining green in the sun.
About 30 km to the west of Amsterdam, there are the wide sandy beaches on the Dutch coast. One of the most famous resorts is "Zandvoort", a few kilometers to the west of Haarlem.