If you want to understand the history of Amsterdam, this museum is the place were you will get all the information you want. The building was erected as a monastery and became an orphanage in 1578. In 1975 the "Amsterdam Museum" moved into the historical building.
Anne Frank had to leave her hometown of Frankfurt because of the persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime in Germany. Her family fled to Amsterdam in 1933. In 1940 Germany conqured the Netherlands and her family had to hide in this house, where Anne Frank wrote her famous diary. Anne Frank died in the concentration camp of "Bergen-Belsen" in 1945. Her father survived the war and returned to Amsterdam, where he got her diary.
The "Maritime Museum of Amsterdam" has a very special attraction, the ship "Amsterdam". The merchant ship of the VOC sank in 1749 at the coast of England. It was rebuilt in 1985. Since then, it is one of the top attractions of Amsterdam. It is right next to the "Het Scheepvaart Museum" in the harbor basin.