Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1556 as the second ruler of the Mughal Empire and was able to recapture Delhi in 1555. A year later Humayun died and his wife had this mausoleum built for him, which was completed around 1570.
Humayuns Tomb is a strictly geometric complex. It stands on a 7 m high platform in the middle of a square with six fields each. The fields are limited by paths and small channels. The garden is supposed to represent paradise as described in the Koran. The square of the garden is cut into four parts by the canals, hence this type of horticulture is also called cahar-bag (four gardens). The central tomb was designed by an architect from Afghanistan, who was very likely inspired by the large structures in Samarkand. Humayun's tomb was clad with red sandstone from Rajasthan. Under the high dome is Humayuns cenotaph made of white marble, the actual grave is below. His tomb served as a model for later mausoleums, such as the Taj Mahal. The tomb is located in a gorgeous garden, very close to the Yamuna river.
The India Gate forms the eastern end of the Rajpath, the central axis in the government district of New Delhi. The India Gate commemorates the Indian and British soldiers who died for their country in World War I. Later inscriptions were added for fallen soldiers of subsequent wars. The archway was designed by Edwin Lutyens, who planned the new capital of India together with Herbert Baker. The Arc de Triomphe in Paris was the model for the India Gate. The India Gate was built in 1921, it is 42 m high and has become the landmark of New Delhi.
The Red Fort in Delhi was built by Muhammad Shah Jahan between 1639 and 1648. It was the palace of the Mughal dynasty in India. The Red Fort was more of a palace city than a military bastion. There were shopping streets and lots of gardens. Shah Jahan had also built the Taj Mahal in Agra. The Red Fort was captured by Afghans and later plundered by the British. Today's facility only gives an idea of its former splendor. The Indian flag was hoisted over Lahore Gate for the first time after independence from the British in 1947. Since then, the Red Fort has been a symbol of the Indian nation. The red sandstone structure is one of the top attractions in Delhi and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The oriental old town of Delhi is located in the triangle between the streets Nai Sarak Marg, Chawri Bazar, Jama Masjid Rd. And Chandni Chowk Rd. It is worth taking a guide who knows the most beautiful courtyards. Old Delhi is a winding, oriental town without a guide you can get lost here quickly. The alleys are often dark and the garbage collection doesn't come every day. The old town is the exact opposite of the sprawling garden city of New Delhi. To understand the city, you have to see both.
The Baha'i House of Worship was built in 1986 by the Baha'i sect from Persia (Iran). The great white hall is shaped like a lotus flower. The Bahai Lotus Temple is open for people of all religions. The Bahai Lotus Temple is located in a beautiful garden. The Baha'i sect has also built a beautiful temple in Haifa (Israel).
The Jama Masjid Mosque was built in 1656 by Shah Jahan, who ruled from 1627-1658. The Jama Masjid was built as the main mosque of the new capital Shahjahanabad. The mosque stands on a high platform to which three flights of stairs lead. The platform forms a walled square with the Jama Masjid on the west side. The mosque has two slim minarets, three white domes and a central entrance gate. The largest mosque in India can also be visited by non-Muslims. The prayer times are to be observed and one should take off one's shoes.
The Connaught Place is the center of New Delhi, this is the square, where all the axes of the british designed capital meet. Meanwhile, the square has also become the center of the new metro system. Around the Connaught Place there are many shops and some western restaurants.
The huge, red Hanuman rises in the sky of Delhi, between the metro stations Chandewalan and Karol Bagh. Hanuman is a Hindu deity who can fly, have tremendous power, and can change his size at will. Hanuman is the faithful assistant of Rama in the Ramayana.
The Qutub Minar is a 75 m high sandstone minaret that was built to commemorate the victory over the Hindus around 1230. The complex of the Qutub Minar looks like a ruin, in fact the mosque Quwwat-ul-Islam §Power of Islam" was never completed. The tower stands in the Mehrauli Archaeological Park, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. The Qutub Minar is one of the landmarks of New Delhi and is often besieged by school classes.
Welcome to Delhi
The Indian capital consists of two parts. Old Delhi is the historic old town from the Mughal period, with narrow, dark streets like in an oriental medina. New Delhi was the capital of British India, with broad boulevards and green lawns. Both cities have long since grown together and form a huge urban area with over 12 million inhabitants. Delhi is now the capital of India.
The climate in Delhi is dry and hot, during the summer (July, August and September) it rains almost every day "rainy season" and the temperature is around 40 ° C. In the rest of the year it hardly rains at all.
Delhi has a new metro system, but the stretch of the net is compared to the size of the city still rather modest. The Indira Gandhi Airport is connected to the metro network. Most of the distances are too far to walk, the heavy traffic, the dust and the heat do not make walking very pleasant. If you are lucky you might catch a real taxi, but mostly you have to sit in a open "tuk tuk".
You can get good Indian food almost everywhere in Delhi, but you should pay attention to the hygiene (price can be an indicator). If you are afraid of the famous "Delhi Belly" (1 week of terrible diarrhea), do not eat meat or fish at all. Vegetarian dishes only lead to short stomach upsets. Around Connaught Place there are western restaurants, if you want to eat something more familiar or if you are asian if you are looking for something strange.