The Gateway of India was built by the British Empire in 1924, to commemorate the visit of King George V. In 1948, the last British soldiers left India through this Gateway. Today the ferries to Elephanta Island depart from here.
In honor of Saint Haji Ali who deceased on his way back from Mecca, this mosque and dargah (shrine) was built on a small island, which is connected by a bridge to the mainland. Don't be surprised, when the water around the Island is very dirty. It's still worth going there.
The Jumma Masjid Mosque was completed in 1802 and later on extended to a building complex. Inside, there is a column surrounded by water a tank with goldfish. The Crawford Market is close to the mosque, so the streets in the area are very busy.
The trainstation Victoria Terminus was built in 1888. 1996 the station was renamed Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus. The British architect Stevens united Gothic and Indian Mughal architecture to create this majestic monument, which was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
Jainism is a religion with relatively few believers who live mainly in India. Jainism originated about 600 v. Chr. and developed like Hinduism and Buddhism from Brahmanism. Jainism is based on the belief in karma and the purification of the soul through strict asceticism. In Mumbai there are some magnificently decorated Jain temples, like the Shri Adhishewarji Temple.
The 173 m high residential tower which was named after the mythical island of Antilia, is the most expensive single family house in the world. The owner Mukesh Ambani is considered to be India's richest man and his wife Nita, had the idea to build this tower. The architects of Perkins & Will from Chicago designed the building. The 27 storey tower was completed in 2011. The construction costs, for the approximately 37,000 square meters, are estimated at around $ 70 million.
Welcome to Mumbai
The largest city in India has a urban populations of almost 20 million. The old name "Bombay" originates from the Portuguese, who were the first Europeans to built up a trading port named "Bom Bahia" in 1534. The Portuguese had to hand over the colony to the British in 1662, who changed the name to "Bombay". Since 1995, the city is officially called "Mumbai" after the city goddess "Mumbadevi".