The "Catedral Metropolitana" was built on the ruins of the Aztec temple of "Tenochtitlan" in 1573. The bell towers were completed in 1813. The Cathedral is the largest church in America, it is 110 m long and 54 m wide.
The National Palace was built on the remains of the palace of "Moctezuma II". "Hernando Cortes" secured the land and built his residence and the headquarters of "Nueva España" in 1523. On the balcony of the 200 m long façade, hangs the bell that "Hidalgo" rang in "Campana de Dolores" to proclaim independence from Spain in 1810.
The "Templo Mayor" is the ruin of the Aztec temple, that was destroyed by the Spaniards in 1520. This was the center of the Aztec empire. According to the legend, the eagle was seen here, perched on a cactus holding a snake in its beak, the symbol of Mexico.
The Mexican flag on the Zocalo was created according to the "Banderas Monumentales" program of President Ernesto Zedillo in 1999. According to this plan, monumental flags should be erected in all Mexican cities.
The "Torre Latinoamericana" was built in 1956 for an insurance company. The 140 m high tower was the tallest building in the city until 1972. Then the "Hotel de Mexico" took the record with 191 m. Today the tallest skyscraper in Mexico City is the "Torremayor" with 225 m. From the observation platform of the "Torre Latinoamericana" you will have the best view of the historic center.
The main post office was opened in 1907. The eclectic design of the Italian Adamo Boari includes elements from the Renaissance to Baroque and art deco. The sumptuous interior is dominated by gold tones.
The sprawling corruption and the enormous power concentration under President Porfirio Diaz, who ruled the country for over 30 years, led to the mexican revolution in 1911. The monument was supposedly to be the dome of the new parliament building, the construction of which began in 1910. After the revolution, it was transformed into the monument and the honorary burial ground of the revolutionaries in 1938.
On the "Placa de las 3 Culturas" you will find buildings of three different cultures. The remains of the Aztec temple of Tlatelolco, the Spanish Templo de Santiago and a modern Mexican cultural center. In 1968 over 300 students were killed here on a demonstration.
The Church of San Juan Bautista was founded in 1552 as a monastic church of the Dominican Order, which came to Mexico in 1526. After the monastery fell into disrepair, the Franciscans took over the monastery and rebuilt it several times. Today, the church is the center of Coyoacán.
The New Basilica de Guadalupe was built in 1972 next to the old basilica, which became unstable due to subsidence. In the modern, circular building is the portrait of the "Virgin of Guadalupe".
The "Antigua Basilica de Guadalupe" was erected after the Virgin Mary appeared to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin in 1531, on the hill behind the Basilica. Since then, every year millions of people pilgrim to the holiest place in the country.
The "Zona Rosa" is the entertainment district of Mexico City. The Calle Genova is the pedestrian zone of the popular district. Formerly pink-painted villas of the rich upper class were used to stand here. Today, there are numerous restaurants, clubs, galleries and cafes.