Wörlitz Park belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Dessau-Wörlitz Garden. The park near Dessau was designed by Leopold III. Friedrich Franz, Prince and Duke of Anhalt-Dessau. Franz was an enlightened spirit who promoted science and tolerance in his empire. The park in Wörlitz was one of the first English landscape gardens in Germany and is still one of the largest of its kind in the country. With over a million visitors a year, the Wörlitz Park is one of the most important tourist destinations in the State of Saxony-Anhalt.
The landscape park was designed by Johann Friedrich Eyserbeck. The court gardener Eyserbeck got to know the landscape garden on a trip to England. Later he traveled again to the island with Prince Franz and the architect Erdmannsdorff, to study the english garden art. The three men gatherd ideas for their garden in Wörlitz.
The Wörlitzer Park was created by Eyserbeck between 1769 and 1773. Erdmannsdorff designed the buildings in the park. The center of the park is Lake Wörlitz, a former branch of the river Elbe. The elongated lake divides the park into two parts. The southern part is located at the village of Wörlitz, here is also the castle. The northern part can only be reached by ferry or you have to walk around the park. This gives the northern part the impression of a secluded island.
The park essentially consists of five elements: trees, water surfaces, meadows, isolated buildings and the sky.
The trees define the space and direct the view, the meadows provide space, the buildings serve as an eye-catcher or viewpoint and the water reflects the sky. The sky creates a varied mood through light and passing clouds.
The castle in the park of Wörlitz was built between 1769 and 1773. The architect Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff designed a classicist building with Corinthian capitals. Wörlitz Castle is the first classicist palace in Germany. The interior is inspired by the prince's travels and sometimes seems very bizarre. The castle was not staged as the center of the world, as baroque castles usually did. There are no absolutist visual axes that demonstrate the prince's power over nature and his subjects. Visual relationships exist, but are not formed by straight avenues. It is a small palace in a natural-looking environment. From the upper floors you can see the whole park.
Wörlitz is a village with around 1,500 inhabitants, which is located around 14 kilometers east of Dessau. The place is small and has little to offer, yet it is a beautiful village with an elegant Saint Peter church. There are several hotels and restaurants in town. In the former kitchen building of the castle, there is now a restaurant with a pension. If you like it a bit more modern, you can eat out at Ziegler's restaurant.
Wörlitz has no train station, the nearest train station is in Coswig, to get there you have to cross the river Elbe by ferry. The distance from the train station in Coswig to the castle in Wörlitz is around 5 kilometers as the crow flies. The large visitor car park is in the west of the park.
Address: Seespitze 25, 06785 Oranienbaum-Wörlitz