The German Hygiene Museum was initiated in 1912 by the Odol manufacturer Karl August Lingner. Here the human body and how it works are presented very clearly. The Hygiene Museum was founded to show the population how to live healthily. And what effect hygiene has on the human body. The current building was constructed in 1930 according to the plans of the architect Wilhelm Kreis. The highlights of the exhibition include the Transparent Human, Eating and Drinking, Living and Dying, and Sexuality. The German Hygiene Museum is the most famous of its kind in the world and attracts many visitors every year. In times of corona and other epidemics, hygiene is very important again.
The Zwinger's Sempergalerie houses the collection of the Old Masters Picture Gallery with famous works by Raphael, Cranach, Vermeer, Dürer, Canaletto, Holbein, Rubens and many other great painters. Here you can also find the cityscapes of Dresden from Canaletto. The Sistine Madonna by Rafael is one of the highlights of the collection. The Old Masters Picture Gallery has one of the best collections of European painting from the 15th to the 18th centuries. The Gemäldegalerie Alter Meister is the most famous museum in Dresden.
The Albertinum shows works of art from romanticism to contemporary art. The collection is divided into new masters with Caspar David Friedrich, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Gerhard Richter, Georg Baselitz and the sculpture collection, which mainly shows works of classical modernism. The Museum of Modern Art Albertinum is named after the King Albert of Saxony (1828-1902). The Albertinum is at the Brühl Terrace, in a building from 1563 that used to be the armory of Dresden.
The Johanneum Transport Museum is located in the middle of Dresden's old town, it borders the Stallhof, parts of which it even uses for exhibitions. The Johanneum was built in 1586 as a barn in the Renaissance style and converted into a Museum in 1952. The Dresden Transport Museum shows old trains, automobiles, motorcycles, model ships, aircraft and trams, which are displayed in a very appealing way. In a hall there is a 325 square meter model railway landscape with over 140 vehicles. The museum is closed on Mondays.
The Bundeswehr military museum places more value on the emergence of violence and the political and cultural roots of conflicts than on the presentation of weapon technology. The conversion of the building was designed by the Polish architect Daniel Libeskind, who became known with the Jewish Museum in Berlin. In the former arsenal built 1877, a modern wedge made of steel and glass was hammered, which looks like a splinter in the historical building. In the permanent exhibition, the military museum shows historical weapons from the Middle Ages to the present. Outside, you can find NVA and Bundeswehr vehicles.