Cologne was the largest city under Roman rule in Germania. The Romans founded the city and continue to shape Cologne's identity until today. It is one of the most important museums in the city, and it is not without reason, that it is located right next to Cologne Cathedral. The Romano-Germanic Museum (Römisch-Germanisches Museum) presents objects from the prehistory and early history of the Rhine area and imposing remains from the former Roman colonies, such as mosaics, figures and coins.
Ferdinand Wallraf inherited his important art collection in 1824 to the city of Cologne. After the donation by Johann Richartz, the city started to build a museum in 1861. The building was destroyed during World War II and a new museum was built in 2001. The museum was designed by the Cologne architect Oswald Mathias Ungers. The collection consists of paintings from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. The Wallraf-Richartz Museum has one of the largest collections of Impressionist art in Germany with works by Monet, Renoir, Cézanne, Gauguin, van Gogh to name just a few.
The Museum of East Asian Art, located in Cologne's green belt, exhibits porcelain, calligraphy, landscape painting and Buddhist sculptures. The museum's collection consists mainly of works of art from China, Japan and Korea. The museum was founded in 1909, the current museum building opened in 1977. The Museum of East Asian Art is one of the largest of its kind in Germany. One of the highlights of the exhibition is a bronze ceremonial ax that is over 3,000 years old.
In the historic museum of cologne you can immerse yourself in the history of the city from the Middle Ages until today. Cologne specialties such as Klüngel, Karneval and Kölsch are also explained in the exhibition. The building is an old armory, which was rebuilt after World War 2 and serves as a museum since 1958.
The exhibition of the German Sport Museum focuses on the Olympic Games, gymnastics, athletics and football. However, new trends are also being integrated into the exhibition. Since The collection has grown since 1982to more than 120,000 objects such as jerseys, gold medals, sports shoes or Olympic torches and mascots.